Natural remedies

A healthful, balanced diet with appropriate exercise, avoiding smoking, and not drinking excess alcohol can help people with arthritis maintain their overall health.


 There is no specific diet that treats arthritis, but some types of food may help reduce inflammation.

The following foods can provide many nutrients that are good for joint health:

  • Fish
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Beans
  • Olive oil
  • Whole grains
  • Foods to avoid

 There are some foods that people with arthritis may want to avoid. Vegetables, such as tomatoes, contain a chemical called solanine that some studies have linked with arthritis pain. Research findings are mixed when it comes to these vegetables, but some people have reported a reduction in arthritis symptoms when avoiding nightshade vegetables.


Self-management of arthritis symptoms is also important.

Key strategies include:

     staying physically active

     achieving and maintaining a healthy weight

     getting regular check-ups with the doctor

     protecting joints from unnecessary stress

Seven habits that can help a person with arthritis to manage their condition are:

  1. Being organized: keep track of symptoms, pain levels, medications, and possible side effects for consultations with your doctor.

Managing pain and fatigue: a medication regimen can be combined with non-medical pain management. Learning to manage fatigue is key to living comfortably with arthritis.

     2. Staying active: exercise is beneficial for managing arthritis and overall health. Balancing activity with rest: in addition to remaining active, rest is equally important when your disease is active.

   3. Eating a healthful diet: a balanced diet can help you achieve a healthy weight and control inflammation. Avoid refined, processed foods  and pro-inflammatory animal-derived foods and choose whole plant foods that are high in antioxidants and that have anti-inflammatory properties.

  4. Improving sleep: poor sleep can aggravate arthritis pain and fatigue. Take steps to improve sleep hygiene so you find it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep. Avoid caffeine and strenuous exercise in the evenings and restrict screen-time just before sleeping.

  5.Caring for joints: tips for protecting joints include using the stronger, larger joints as levers when opening doors, using several joints to spread the weight of an object such as using a backpack and gripping as loosely as possible by using padded handles.

Do not sit in the same position for long periods. Take regular breaks to keep mobile.


Physical therapies

Doctors will often recommend a course of physical therapy to help patients with arthritis overcome some of the challenges and to reduce limitations on mobility.

Forms of physical therapy that may be recommended include:

Warm water therapy: exercises in a warm-water pool. The water supports weight and puts less pressure on the muscles and joints

Physical therapy: specific exercises tailored to the condition and individual needs, sometimes combined with pain-relieving treatments such as ice or hot packs and massage

Occupational therapy: practical advice on managing everyday tasks, choosing specialized aids and equipment, protecting the joints from further damage and managing fatigue.

Physical activity

 Research suggests that although individuals with arthritis may experience short-term increases in pain when first beginning exercise, continued physical activity can be an effective way to reduce symptoms long-term.

People with arthritis can participate in joint-friendly physical activity on their own or with friends. As many people with arthritis have another condition, such as heart disease, it is important to choose appropriate activities.

Joint-friendly physical activities that are appropriate for adults with arthritis and heart disease include:




A health care professional can help you find ways to live a healthful lifestyle and have a better quality of life.

Natural therapies

A number of natural remedies have been suggested for different types of arthritis.

According to the organization Versus Arthritis, based in the United Kingdom (U.K.), some research has supported the use of devil’s claw, rosehip, and Boswellia, from the frankincense tree.

There is some evidence that turmeric may help, but more studies are needed to confirm their effectiveness.

Various other herbs and spices have been recommended for RA, but again, more research is needed. They include turmeric, garlic, ginger, black pepper, and green tea.

Anyone who is considering using natural remedies for any type of arthritis should speak to a doctor first.

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